Murchison Falls National Park is the best and Largest game park in Uganda. Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) is a national park in Uganda and managed by the Ugandan Wildlife Authority. It is located in north-western Uganda, spreading inland from the shores of Lake Albert, around the Victoria Nile, up to the Karuma Falls.
Together with the adjacent 748 square kilometers (289 sq ml) Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the 720 square kilometres (280 sq mi) Karuma Wildlife Reserve, the park forms the Murchison Falls Conservation Area (MFCA).
History of Murchison Falls National Park .
History of Murchison Falls National Park.The explorers John Speke and James Grant were the first Europeans to visit the Park in 1862. It was more thoroughly explored by Samuel and Florence Baker in 1863–4. Baker named the falls Murchison Falls after the geologist Roderick Murchison, then the president of the Royal Geographical Society.
Between 1907 and 1912, the inhabitants of an area of about 13,000 square kilometres (5,000 sq ml) were evacuated due to sleeping sickness spread by tsetse flies. In 1910, the Bunyoro Game Reserve was created south of the River Nile. That area roughly corresponds to the part of the MFNP that is in the districts of Buliisa, Masindi, and Kiryandongo. In 1928, the boundaries were extended north of the river into the modern-day Nwoya District.
In 1952, the British administration established the National Parks Act of Uganda. The area described above was named Murchison Falls National Park.
Game viewing in Murchison Falls National Park .
The park is endowed with several attractions including over 76 mammal species with four members of the big five, the lion, the leopards, the elephants, and the Buffaloes. Other species include bushbucks, Uganda kob, waterbucks and warthogs, giraffes, Jackson’s hartebeest, hyenas etc. Along the shores of the nile and within the waters you will see lots of hippos and crocodiles among other resident creatures. There several primates as well in Murchison falls national park including babaoons and several monkey species.
Birding in Murchison National Park Falls.
The Murchison falls, Uganda’s largest national park is also home to over 400 birds species including the rare shoebill stork. The park is also home to 23 Albertine rift endemics given its location in the western arm of the east African rift valley. Our Murchison falls birding safaris allow you see many of these bird species with the help of our expert guides.
The highlight of your tour in Murchison falls National Park is visiting the “Murchison Falls” a point along the Nile, within the park where River Nile forces its way through a narrow gorge 8 meters wide. The launch trip up stream is very interesting and offers magnificent views of the falls and several wildlife species found along the shores including Buffaloes, Hippos, Crocodiles, waterbucks and birds. Our top tours are the 3 Days Murchison Falls Safari
Activities to do in Murchison Falls National Park .
This activity involves driving a safari vehicle around the Murchison Falls National Park on designated park routes in an effort to spot various species. The park offers a morning game drive that departs at either 7:00 am or 6:00 am and lasts up to two hours. There are two types of game drives in the park: the nocturnal game drive, which begins after dinner and lasts two hours, and the afternoon game drive, which begins about 6:00 pm and lasts an hour.
A qualified guide is necessary for game drives in Murchison National Park, especially for spotting nocturnal species like lions, serval cats, and hyenas. Elephants, buffalo, giraffes, waterbucks, warthogs, and other animals can also be spotted during daytime game drives. A variety of birds can also be observed, including the saddle-billed stork, the majestic grey crowned crane, the gorgeous black headed spur wined lapwings, and many others.
Although it is wonderful to see wildlife from the river, nothing compares to the thrill of a game drive. The thrill of moving slowly through dense bush, never knowing when you will see the next elephant, or the feeling of being right in the heart of a resting pride of lions, giraffes, or a tower of giraffe.
The Buligi Peninsula, where 170 km of paths traverse wide savanna grassland, woodland, acacia, and riverine vegetation, is where the majority of game drives in Murchison are taken. You can expect to spot elephant, buffalo, antelopes, and giraffe while driving in the early morning (the first south/north ferry crossing at Paraa is at 7:00) and late afternoon.
The majority of the Park’s prides are found here, where they prey on Ugandan kob, hence lions are becoming more common. A leopard might even be visible.
Murchison Falls In Uganda, this is one of the national parks that gives visitors the chance to partake in sport fishing, making for an exciting experience. Lake Mburo National Park is another national park that offers this possibility.
At the base of the falls and along the River Nile, sport fishing is practiced. Among the fish caught are mud fish, tiger fish, tilapia, and Nile perch. Sport fishing is a year-round pastime that is best enjoyed when the water is clear, which is typically from January to April.
The Murchison Falls National Park gives visitors the chance to go on a safari and walk on foot with the guides to various locations within the park, such as the Rabongo Forest, Kaniyo Pabidi in the Budongo Forest, the swamp walk to the Nile delta, which lasts between two and four hours, and the top of the falls walk to explore the landscapes, Murchison Falls, the surrounding areas, and many others to view various primates like chimpanzees, grey checked mangabeys, white colobus monkeys, red tailed monkeys to mention but a few. More so, you will get to see may bird species such as the grey long bill, yellow manted weaver, shoebill stork and may others.
The Murchison Falls National Area is a haven for about 400 different bird species. Bird watchers can enjoy the park from their safari vehicles during game drives, from boats during boat cruises, or on foot during nature walks. You can see a variety of birds in Murchison Falls National Park, including African darter, along toed plover, grey headed kingfisher, veracious dove, martial eagle, African fish eagle, black headed lapwing, giant kingfisher, shoebill, roc pratincole, goliath heron, yellow billed stork, white faced whistling duck, secretary bird, greater flamingo, and papyrus
Visiting Top Of The Falls:
The top of the falls route, which loops around the top of the falls, and the waters edge, is an incredible experience in Murchison Falls National Park. It takes 15 to 45 minutes. You can get close to the narrow ravine through which the water erupts into the falls on the journey up to the top of the falls from the boat landing. There are also camping grounds, picnic areas, and walking safaris to make your trip to Murchison Falls unique and fascinating.
Cultural encounters is an intriguing activity in the Murchison Falls National Park because it allows you to visit remote areas in various villages to interact with the locals and learn more about their lifestyles, cultures, and traditional foods.
For instance, the Boomu Women’s Group offers community tours to the Banyoro Community and operates a craft shop with locally made crafts like baskets and other items.
Hot Air Balloon Experience:
The hot air balloon safari experience, which is exclusively available in Uganda’s Murchison and Queen Elizabeth national parks, is one of the additional activities that may be done during your safari in Murchison Falls National Park. While on a safari, the Murchison Falls National Park provides a wide variety of accommodations, including the Chobe Safari Lodge, Nile Safari Lodge, Paraa Safari Lodge, Bakers Lodge, Red Chili Rest Camp, Boomu Women’s Group Bandas, Budongo Eco Lodge, Kalalo Cottages Inn, and New Court View Hotel, among others. The best months to visit Murchison Falls National Park are between December and February and June and September. The park is open all year round.
Best time to visit Murchison falls.
Murchison Falls National Park is enjoyable all year round, but December through to February is considered the best time to visit the park. June to September is another great window to visit.
Murchison falls was named after the mighty waterfalls which are formerly and locally known as Kabalega falls. Murchison falls National Park has very interesting natural attractions which everyone needs to consider seeing. Just like at most destinations, it is important to know the best time to travel to Murchison falls national park to encounter the best of the safari. This will best planned after getting to know the varying seasons in the region and of generally.
The location of Uganda along the equator gives it a unique climate which has is also one of the reasons to why mant people travel to this country. The climate is almost the same each year with two dry season and two wet seasons. During each of these seasons, there are activities that can be done and those that become challenging to do in different season. This is the reason why travelers prefer to visit Uganda during specific seasons, hence there being the ‘Peak season’ also known as the high season and the ‘Low season’. Each of these seasons has advantages over the other in one way or the other and what seems to be comfortable and more convenient is what travelers choose.
Access to Murchison Falls National Park.
The most direct route to Murchison National Park from Kampala is through the southern gates (Kichumbanyobo and Masindi South Gate). Alternatively, the northern gates (Purongo or Takigate-Packwach) are also a great option, although longer in distance, they take you straight to the most interesting sections of the park.
By Air. It is possible to fly to the park by chartered aircraft or the daily scheduled flight from Kajjansi Airfield near Kampala. The flight is just under one hour. The most convenient airfield to arrive at is Pakuba because of its proximity to the park headquarters and the main accommodations.